Take your biomarker studies to the next level with exosomal lipidomics/metabolomics
Because we know exosomes and we know how to deliver on end-to-end service
Whether you’re interested in circulating biomarker discovery, basic exosome research, or other exosome-related studies, SBI’s Exosome Lipidomics & Metabolomics Service helps you quickly and efficiently get the most information from your exosomes. Simply send us your sample or purified exosomes and we’ll send back a spreadsheet with putative identifications, mass/charge ratios, and differential analysis (if requested).
What can lipidomics of exosomes tell you?
Lipids are an important part of cellular physiology, and are increasingly being recognized for their importance in exosome biology as well. Exosomes were recently shown to have the highest lipid-to-protein ratio of all classes of extracellular vesicles1, with lipid content that both differs from the parent cell the vesicles are shed from2 and also changes as exosomes undergo a variety of physiological processes3. These unique lipid profiles can serve as novel circulating biomarkers, and recent evidence suggests that specific lipid species carried by exosomes can also modulate the function of recipient cells4.
With so much information revealed by lipid content, lipidomics studies of exosomes are a great way to identify lipid-based biomarkers and for understanding vesicle biogenesis and function5.
What can metabolomics of exosomes tell you?
In addition to lipids, exosomes carry a wide range of metabolites that can also be used for biomarker discovery. A recent study found distinctly different populations of metabolites in PANC1 cells treated with TGF-β, a known driver of cancer progression, versus a control group, suggesting that metabolite profiling can be used for differentiating cellular states6. Like exosomal lipids, exosomal metabolites can also take an active role in the target cell, and have been shown to reprogram metabolic machinery upon uptake by cancer cells, fueling growth7.
Lipidomics & Metabolomics service highlights:
- Discover novel circulating biomarkers
- Learn more about exosome biology
- Send us your sample and receive data in 4–6 weeks
- MS data will be delivered as Excel files with putative identification based on the m/z ratio of the analytes
- Differential analysis of lipids and metabolites between treatment groups will be included in the Excel files
Figure 1. Exosomes affect metabolism in cancer cells. A recent study by Zhao, et al,7 demonstrated that exosomes from patient-derived cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) can reprogram the cellular machinery in cancer cells. They used a metabolomics approach to demonstrate that exosomes shed from CAFs contain intact metabolites that fuel tumor growth. In addition, they showed that uptake of CAF exosomes inhibited mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, increasing glycolysis and glutamine-dependent reductive carboxylation.