MicroRNA profiling FAQS
We have tested both small RNA fractionation using Ambion's miRVana kit and compared it to using Trizol-extracted total RNA preparations with comparable results. For most applications, simple Trizol extraction will suffice. We do not recommend using spin column purification of small RNAs for this procedure.
For detecting most microRNAs, we recommend that you use 100 picograms of starting total RNA for cDNA synthesis per microRNA you wish to quantitate.
Example: Start with 10 ng total RNA=Measure 100 microRNAs
SBI and others have found that the mature form of the microRNA exists in about 90% of the steady-state RNA preparations versus 8% precursor form. QuantiMir cDNA can be used to measure both forms and discrimination with relative abundance quantitation is simple to perform.
Yes. The system converts BOTH small RNAs as well as messenger RNAs that have polyA tails into cDNA compatible with qPCR.
The microRNA profilers are supplied as desiccated primers on 384-well plates. When you receive the stock plates, resuspend the primers in 22 ul of water, centrifuge the plate briefly to collect the water at the bottom of the plate, and allow the primers to be resuspended for about 20 minutes (keep the plate covered to prevent evaporation). Then aliquot 1 ul/ well into the plates that you normally use for your qPCR machine. Use a multi-channel pipette to aliquot the primers. If you start with one 384-well plate, you will end up with twenty 384-well plates, each of which can be used for one sample (assay), for a total of 20 assays. It is important to aliquot the primers once resuspended so that evaporation in the stock plate doesn't occur, which could potentially change the concentration of the primers in the stock plate.
MicroRNA precursor clone collection (Lenti-miRs) FAQS
Mature microRNA sequences have a very high degree of sequence conservation across all vertebrates. To verify that SBI's Lenti-miR clones will produce the mature microRNA in your model system, view our application note. How to use the Sanger miRBase to align microRNA sequences(PDF) »
SBI's microRNA precursor clones express precursors that have about 200 bp of native, flanking sequence to the hairpin RNA. This ensures the proper expression and processing of the transcript and the eventual robust expression of the mature microRNAs.
SBI's microRNA precursor clones have a built-in GFP fluorescent marker that is co-expressed along with the microRNA. Transduce (infect) your target cells with packaged lentivirus for the microRNA construct of choice. After 48 to 72 hours, sort for GFP-positive cells using flow cytometry. These cells will serve as your founding colony clones.
SBI recommends using our QuantiMir kit, which is a SYBR green-based qPCR kit that specifically measures microRNAs. Often, TaqMan assays do not work to validate microRNA expression because of sequence variability that occurs at the 3' end of the processed microRNA, which can affect the ability of the TaqMan stem-loop primer to function. Since the SYBR green based qPCR is not as dependent upon the sequence of the microRNA, it enables better detection of expressed microRNAs. The specificity for the microRNAs in the QuantiMir kit comes with the primer design.
The pooled Lenti-miR virus library is transduced into HT1080 cells at an MOI of about 5. After 48 hours, the cells are lysed and genomic DNA is recovered. This genomic DNA is then interrogated for 95 different microRNA sequences along with vector-specific primers to determine that the proper representaion of greater than 90% is achieved.
miRZip anti-microRNA constructs FAQS
miRZip constructs produce a small hairpin-like RNA that is processed to an siRNA that is antisense to an endogenous microRNA. This miRZip sequence binds to the endogenous microRNA and prevents it from functioning. miRZip sequences however, do not generally cause a degradation of the endogenous microRNA, so measuring expression of the endogenous microRNA by qPCR generally does not show a change in the expression levels. We recommend verifying expression of the miRZip construct by using SBI's QuantiMir kit, with primers specific for the miRZip (these can be ordered through SBI as well). If a target protein's UTR is known for the microRNA, you can measure a change in its expression using Western blotting. Alternatively, you can have a functional assay for your cells to verify that the microRNA is no longer functioning.
Global MicroRNA amplification and cloning FAQS
SBI's has observed better success in cloning of microRNA sequences when starting with small RNA (200 nt and below) size-fractionated starting RNA.